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Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher

  • BORN
  • Margaret Hilda Roberts
  • Grantham, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom
  • October 13, 1925
  • DIED
  • London, England, United Kingdom
  • April 8, 2013
1925 births; 2013 deaths; 20th-century English writers; 20th-century women scientists; 20th-century women writers; 21st-century English writers; Alumni of Somerville College, Oxford; Alumni of the Inns of Court School of Law; Assassination attempt survivors; British people of the Falklands War; British Secretaries of State for Education; British women lawyers; Chancellors of the College of William & Mary; Conservatism in the United Kingdom; Conservative Party (UK) life peers; Conservative Party (UK) MPs; Conservative Party Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom; Converts to Anglicanism; Critics of the European Union; Dames Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Francis I; English anti-communists; English autobiographers; English barristers; English chemists; English Methodists; English non-fiction writers; English women writers; Fellows of the Royal Society (Statute 12); Female Fellows of the Royal Society; Female heads of government; Female life peers; Female members of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom; Female members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for English constituencies; Former Methodists; Grand Crosses of the Order of Good Hope; Ladies Companion of the Garter; Leaders of the Conservative Party (UK); Leaders of the Opposition (United Kingdom); Margaret Thatcher; Members of the Order of Merit; Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom; People associated with the University of Buckingham; People educated at Kesteven and Grantham Girls' School; People from Grantham; People with dementia; Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients; Presidents of the European Council; Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom; Stroke survivors; Survivors of terrorist attacks; The Heritage Foundation; UK MPs 1959–64; UK MPs 1964–66; UK MPs 1966–70; UK MPs 1970–74; UK MPs 1974; UK MPs 1974–79; UK MPs 1979–83; UK MPs 1983–87; UK MPs 1987–92; Women chemists; Women prime ministers

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (née Roberts; 13 October 1925 – 8 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. She was the longest-serving British prime minister of the 20th century and the first woman to have been appointed. A Soviet journalist dubbed her the "Iron Lady", a nickname that became associated with her uncompromising politics and leadership style. As Prime Minister, she implemented policies that have come to be known as Thatcherism.

A research chemist before becoming a barrister, Thatcher was elected Member of Parliament for Finchley in 1959. Edward Heath appointed her Secretary of State for Education and Science in his Conservative government. In 1975, Thatcher defeated Heath in the Conservative Party leadership election to become Leader of the Opposition and became the first woman to lead a major political party in the United Kingdom. She became Prime Minister after winning the 1979 general election.

On moving into 10 Downing Street, Thatcher introduced a series of political and economic initiatives intended to reverse high unemployment and Britain's struggles in the wake of the Winter of Discontent and an ongoing recession. Her political philosophy and economic policies emphasised deregulation (particularly of the financial sector), flexible labour markets, the privatisation of state-owned companies, and reducing the power and influence of trade unions. Thatcher's popularity during her first years in office waned amid recession and increasing unemployment, until victory in the 1982 Falklands War and the recovering economy brought a resurgence of support, resulting in her decisive re-election in 1983. She survived an assassination attempt in 1984.

Thatcher was re-elected for a third term in 1987. During this period her support for a Community Charge (referred to as the "poll tax") was widely unpopular, and her views on the European Community were not shared by others in her Cabinet. She resigned as Prime Minister and party leader in November 1990, after Michael Heseltine launched a challenge to her leadership. After retiring from the Commons in 1992, she was given a life peerage as Baroness Thatcher (of Kesteven in the County of Lincolnshire) which entitled her to sit in the House of Lords. In 2013 she died of a stroke in London at the age of 87. Always a controversial figure, she has nonetheless been lauded as one of the greatest, most influential and widest-known politicians in British history, even as arguments over Thatcherism persist.

SOURCE: Wikipedia